A condition affecting the brain and spinal cord is multiple sclerosis. It may manifest in many ways. For several years, occurrences of symptoms are often intermittent. Some signs have the potential to become incapacitating and persistent over time. Multiple sclerosis does not have a known cause or treatment. However, a range of medications and therapies may lessen the frequency of flare-ups and improve symptoms and impairment.
Why does multiple sclerosis occur?
The autoimmune theory suggests that multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease. This implies that rather than battling pathogens, your immune system now targets your body (bacteria, viruses, etc.). When multiple sclerosis is active, the myelin coating that protects your nerve fibers in the brain and spinal cord is attacked by immune system components, primarily lymphocytes known as T cells (central nervous system). These disorders bring small patches of inflammation, often known as demyelinating diseases.